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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Jul 2021, 42 (4)                                     Back


nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Estimation of yield loss and relationship of weather parameters on incidence of bakanae disease in rice varieties under shallow low land ecologies of Eastern India

 

S. Raghu*, G. Guru-Pirasanna-Pandi, M.S. Baite, M.K. Yadav, S.R. Prabhukarthikeyan, U. Keerthana and P.C. Rath 

Crop Protection Division, ICAR-National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack – 753 006, India

*Corresponding Author Email : raghurm531@gmail.com

 

Received: 03.07.2020                                                             Revised: 03.12.2021                                                     Accepted: 07.03.2021

 

 

Abstract

Aim: To assess yield loss in different rice varieties due to rice bakanae disease and to understand the role of weather parameters on disease incidence and losses.

Methodology: Roving survey and surveillance was carried out for three consecutive years to assess the status of rice bakanae disease among twenty popular rice varieties growing in Eastern India. Field experiment was conducted for three successive years, i.e., 2016, 2017 and 2018 at Cuttack. Highly susceptible variety Pooja was selected for the experiment. Data on disease incidence was collected daily from 10 days after transplanting to harvesting stage and data were recorded at standard meteorological week. Correlation was performed to find the effect of different weather parameters on the incidence of bakanae disease on rice.

Results: Disease being seed borne caused significant reduction in yield and quality. The maximum disease incidence was recorded in Pooja with 18.25, 28.50 and 40.25 per cent in three years. The same variety showed maximum yield loss of 35.26 per cent compared all other varieties. The data on relationship of bakanae disease incidence with weather parameters showed that the rainfall (-0.444) had significant negative correlation during 2018, while RH (0.525 and 0.606) had significant positive correlation during 2017 and 2018.      

Interpretation: This study gives some information for formulating breeding programs to develop resistant varieties and management measures for preventing Bakanae disease.

Key words: Bakanae disease, Fusarium fujikuroi, Weather parameters

 

 

 

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