leopard habitat suitability in Taman Negara main forest complex, Malaysia
T. Lihan1*, M.A. Mustapha1, T.M. Taher1,
N.A.T. Arifin1, N.I. Abdullah2 and S.M. Nor2
1Earth Science and
Environmental Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti
Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Malaysia
and Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti
Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600,Bangi, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
This research assessed the distribution of leopard to predict the habitat
suitability in Taman Negara National Park and adjacent forest area.
Methodology: Environmental factors for habitat suitability were
derived from geographical information system (GIS) data such as elevation,
slope, land-use, distance from urban and distance from river. Leopard
presence data from 1993 to 2008 were integrated with the environmental
parameters using maximum entropy (MaxEnt) modeling to assess habitat
suitability across the study area.
The results showed that distance from river contributed the most (39.3%) in
the habitat suitability modeling followed by distance from urban (31.4%),
elevation (12.3%), land use types (10.1%), and slope (6.9%). Distance from
river and urban showed highest contribution that influenced leopard
distribution in which most suitable habitat occurred in proximity with river
and further from urban. Habitat suitability of leopard were distributed among
48% over 2,218,389 ha of the study area.
Interpretation: The findings of this study provides
knowledge on how the species move and exploit different habitat niches for
more effective conservation management. It provide models for future wildlife
conservation and urban planning.
Habitat suitability, Leopard, Geographical information system
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