JEB logo

Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

About Journal
    Obituary: Dr. R. C. Dalela
    Editorial Board
    Reviewer Panel
    Publication Policies
    Guidelines for Editors
    Guidelines for Reviewers
    Abstracting and Indexing
    Subscription and Payments
    Contact Journal
    About Triveni Enterprises
Read Journal
    Current Issue
    Journal Archives
For Authors
    Guidelines for Authors
    Terms and Conditions
    Fees and Payments
    Track Paper Status

Google Search the Journal web-site:

    Abstract - Issue Nov 2018, 39 (6)                                     Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Study on microbial and fungal contamination of air and wooden surfaces inside of a historical Church from Romania


D.C. Ilieș1, A. Oneț2*, J.A. Wendt3, M. Ilieș4, A. Timar2, A. Ilieș1, Ș. Baias1 and G.V. Herman1

1Faculty of Geography, Tourism and Sport, University of Oradea, Oradea, 410087, Romania

2Faculty of Environmental Protection, University of Oradea, Oradea, 410048, Romania

3Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, 80-309, Poland

4Faculty of Geography, University ``Babes Bolyai`` Cluj Napoca, Extension Sighetu Marmatiei, 435500, Romania

*Corresponding Author E-mail:




Key words

Airborne transmission



Wooden church




Publication Data

Paper received : 25.05.2017

Revised received : 23.10.2017

Re-revised received : 20.01.2018

Accepted : 06.02.2018



Aim: The degree of microbial contamination of air and surfaces reflect a potential risk of disease which increases proportionally with the density of microorganisms and the presence of pathogenic or potentially pathogenic species. The paper focus on the degree of bacterial and fungal contamination of air and surfaces inside? a historical wooden church from Oradea city, Romania.?? ?


Methodology: The conventional technique of open plates (Koch sedimentation method) was used for the microaeroflora inside the wooden church. The air samples were taken from two places (from the middle of the room and from a corner, both places being at the same height), during different times of the day. In order to determine the fungi types present on the wood surfaces, dust samples were collected from five places inside the wooden church. ?


Results: The results obtained showed that the bacterial contamination of air had reached the maximum limit of 100 CFU/4 hrs, meanwhile fungal contamination had exceeded the contamination level C which provides 50 CFU/4 hrs according to the European Union Guide to Good Manufacturing Practice (1997). The fungi identified in the air inside of the wooden church belong to the genus : Aspergillus, Penicillium, Stachybotrys, Scopulariopsis, Arthrinium, Mucor, Rhizopus, Absidia and Geotrichum. ??


Interpretation: The results obtained from the analysis of microaeroflora inside the wooden church highlights the presence of various species of fungi with potential health risk at worship place. The environmental conditions present within the church favours the development of fungi and bacteria.



Copyright ? 2018 Triveni Enterprises. All rights reserved. No part of the Journal can be reproduced in any form without prior permission. Responsibility regarding the authenticity of the data, and the acceptability of the conclusions enforced or derived, rest completely with the author(s).