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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Jul 2016, 37 (4)                                                                                                             Back

nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Enhancement of lipid production in two marine microalgae under different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus deficiency 


Nurul Salma Adenan1, Fatimah Md. Yusoff1, 2,*, Srikanth Reddy Medipally1 and M. Shariff1, 3

1Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

2Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

3Aquatic Animal Health Unit, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author E-mail:




Publication Data

Paper received:

07 May 2015


Revised received:

10 December 2016



09 April 2016



Microalgae are important food sources for aquaculture animals. Among the different factors which influence the biochemical composition of microalgae, nitrogen and phosphorus are two of the most important nutrient sources for growth and development. The present study aimed to assess the effects of nitrogen and phosphorus deficiency on lipid production of Chlorella sp. and Chaetoceros calcitrans. Early stationary phase culture of these species were exposed to different stress levels of nitrogen and phosphorus (25%, 50% and 75% of the full NO3-N and PO4-P concentration in the Conway media), and solvent extraction and gas-liquid chromatography methods were performed for analysis of lipid and fatty acid composition. The results revealed that lipid production in these two species significantly increased (P<0.05) as nitrogen and phosphorus decreased. The fatty acid proportion remained unaffected under nitrogen deficiency, while phosphorus limitation resulted in a decrease of saturated fatty acids and promoted a higher content of omega-3 fatty acids in these species. The protein and carbohydrate levels were also altered under limited nutrients. Therefore, these conditions could be used for enhanced lipid production in microalgae for aquaculture and other industrial applications.   



 Key words

Chaetoceros calcitrans, Chlorella, Lipid, Marine microalgae, Nutrient stress, Omega-3 fatty acids




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