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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue May 2014, 35 (3)                                     Back


nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Efficacy of aggregation pheromone in trapping red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier) and rhinoceros beetle

(Oryctes rhinoceros Linn.) from infested coconut palms 

 

A.K. Chakravarthy1*, M. Chandrashekharaiah1, Subhash B. Kandakoor1 and D.N. Nagaraj2

1Department of Entomology, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore-560 065, India

?2Bio Pest Management Pvt. Ltd, Bangalore-560 070, India

*Corresponding Authors Email : chakravarthyakshay@gmail.com 

 

 

 

Publication Data

Paper received:

24 April 2013

 

Revised received:

02 September 2013

 

Re-revised received:

26 October 2013

 

Accepted:

03 December 2013

 

Abstract

Red palm weevil and Rhinoceros beetle are the major pests inflicting severe damage to coconut palms. Due to ineffectiveness of the current management practices to control the two important pests on coconut, a study was conducted to know the attractiveness of red palm weevil and rhinoceros beetle to aggregation pheromone. Olfactometer studies indicated that the aggregation pheromone of red palm weevil and rhinoceros beetle attracted significantly more number of weevils (13.4 females and 7.6 male weevils) and beetles (6.5 male and 12.3 female beetles), respectively than control. Similarly, field studies found that both 750 and 1000 mg pheromone dosage lures of red palm weevil and rhinoceros beetle trapped significantly higher numbers of weevils (695.80 and 789 weevils, respectively) and beetles (98 and 108 beetles, respectively) in traps (P<0.05), respectively. On an average (n=6 field trials) 80-85% red palm weevil and 72-78% rhinoceros beetle population got trapped. Observations indicated activity of red palm weevil throughout the year and of rhinoceros beetle from September to March around Bangalore, South India. Pheromone traps for red palm weevil can be placed in fields from June to August and October to December and September to February for rhinoceros beetle. Population reductions of the two coleopteran pests by pheromone traps are compatible with mechanical and cultural management tools with cumulative effects.  

 

 Key words

Aggregation pheromone, Olfactometer, Red palm weevil, Rhinoceros beetle 

 

 

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