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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Sep 2011, 32 (5)                                     Back


nstantaneous and historical temperature effects on a-pinene

Assessment of genetic variation in lucerne (Medicago sativa L.)

using protease inhibitor activities and RAPD markers

 

Author Details

 

Amaresh Chandra

(Corresponding author)

Crop Improvement Division, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute,

Jhansi-284003, India

e-mail: amaresh62@yahoo.com

 

Krishna Chandra? Pandey??

Crop Improvement Division, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute,

Jhansi - 284 003, India

 

 

 

 

Publication Data

Paper received:

11 April 2009

 

Revised received:

03 March 2010

 

Accepted:

19 April 2010

 

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to identify and characterize lucerne lines resistance to weevil infestation. After three years of field screening for resistance to weevil infestation, 13 lines of lucerne were selected to assess the genotypic variations for lucerne weevil (Hypera postica Gyll.) at biochemical and molecular levels. Total phenols varied from 0.15 to 0.91 mg g-1 (DM) in these genotypes. The highest trypsin (11.11 unit mg-1 protein) and chymotrypsin (93.0 unit mg-1 protein) inhibitors activities were recorded in G-1-02 and B-4-03 lines respectively, whereas highest a-amylases inhibitor activity (14.2 unit mg-1 protein) in C-6-01. Zymogram patterns for trypsin inhibitor activity showed quantitative variations among the lines. In total 262 DNA fragments were generated when 45 deca-mer random primers were employed. Genetic variation in terms of genetic distance ranged from 0.65 to 0.85. Sequential Agglomerative Hierarchical and Nested (SAHN) clustering using the Un-weighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic mean (UPGMA) algorithm yielded two clusters (cluster I and II) which converged at 72% similarity level. Cluster I contained most of the lines having low level of weevil infestation. High bootstrap values (>40) indicated the significance of nodes embodied in these two clusters. However, SDS-PAGE analysis of the leaf proteins of these 13 lines showed no major variations except minor difference in the protein bands of molecular weights between 14 to 20 kD.

 

Key words

Genotypic variation, Heat stable proteins, Insect resistance, Lucerne, Proteinase inhibitor, RAPD, SDS-PAGE

 

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