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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Apr 2007, 28 (2)                                     Back


paper

Potable groundwater quality in some villages of Haryana, India: Focus on fluoride

Mukul Bishnoi* and Shalu Arora

Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guru Jambheshwar

University of Science and Technology, Hisar-125 001, India

(Received: June 16, 2005 ; Revised received: October 27, 2005 ; Accepted: December 15, 2005)

Abstract: The fluoride concentration in ground water was determined in ten villages of Rohtak district of Haryana state (India). The fluoride concentration in the underground water of these villages varied from 0.034-2.09 mg/l. Various other water quality parameters, viz., pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved salts, total hardness, total alkalinity, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, carbonate, bicarbonate, chloride and sulfate were also measured. A systematic calculation of correlation coefficients among different physicochemical parameters indicated considerable variations among the analyzed samples with respect to their chemical composition. Majority of the samples do not comply with Indian as well as WHO standards for most of the water quality parameters measured. Overall water quality was found unsatisfactory for drinking purposes. Fluoride content was higher than permissible limit in 50% samples.

Key words: Fluoride, Underground water, Drinking water, Total hardness, Water quality standards

 

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